Bangladesh independence day

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Photo Title : Bangladesh independence day.
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Photo Caption: Bangladesh independence day 2023.

Bangladesh Independence Day is a national holiday in Bangladesh celebrated every year on March 26. This day marks the anniversary of Bangladesh's declaration of independence from Pakistan in 1971, after a long and bloody war of liberation.

The struggle for independence in Bangladesh began in the early 1950s, with demands for greater political autonomy and rights for the Bengali-speaking majority in what was then known as East Pakistan. The West Pakistani-dominated government repeatedly denied these demands, leading to growing resentment and protests in East Pakistan.

In 1970, national elections were held in Pakistan, and the Awami League, a political party representing East Pakistan, won a landslide victory. However, the military rulers in West Pakistan refused to hand over power to the Awami League, triggering widespread civil unrest and a crackdown by the Pakistani army.

On March 25, 1971, the Pakistani army launched a brutal campaign to crush the independence movement, targeting intellectuals, activists, and ordinary people. The campaign, which came to be known as Operation Searchlight, led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people and forced millions of others to flee to neighboring India.

In response, the Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared independence for Bangladesh on March 26, 1971, and called on the people to resist the Pakistani army's occupation. The war of liberation that followed lasted for nine months, with the Indian army intervening on behalf of Bangladesh in December 1971.

Finally, on December 16, 1971, Pakistan surrendered to the Indian and Bangladeshi forces, and Bangladesh emerged as an independent country. The war had cost the lives of millions of people and left the country in ruins, but it had also galvanized a new sense of national pride and identity among Bangladeshis.

Today, Bangladesh Independence Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm across the country, with parades, flag hoisting ceremonies, and cultural events. The day is a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for the country's freedom and a celebration of the country's rich cultural heritage and achievements. It is also an occasion to reaffirm the values of democracy, justice, and freedom, which are the pillars of Bangladesh's identity as an independent nation.

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